Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Turf

Decaying plant matter found in marshes and swamps and used as a combustible fuel.


Tails

This is the final portion of distillate to exit the condenser and together with heads should be discarded as these contain toxic substances. The tails are collected once the distillate vapours descend to 82 º C. The tails of grape distillates can be distinguished from hearts which are clear by its milky opaque colour. Precise cut off points are measured using an alcoholmeter.


Tannins

Organic substances present in wine responsible for characteristics such as colouration and aroma. Tannins are found in grape skins, seeds and stems (soft or sweet tannins). Oak barrels, used in the aging process of wines also contribute to the tannins present in wines (hard tannins).


Tenarèze

One of the three French districts where Armagnac is produced. These lands have chalky clay soils that give birth to violet flavoured armagnacs suitable for aging.


Tequila

Popular Mexican alcoholic spirit made from the fermentation of the blue agave plant juices. It is made exclusively in the Mexican states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Michoacán, Tamaulipas e Nayarit.


Tetrahydrocannabinol

This is the active substance found in cannabis also known as THC that is responsible for the psychotropic effects of this plant.


Thalamus

Part of the diencephalon located at the base of the brain responsible for processing and classifying sensorial information.


Thermometer

An alembic accessory which may be separated or incorporated in the alembic which allows for an exact temperature reading of the distillate vapours of alcoholic spirits, essential oils or floral waters. Precise cut off points of the distillate can be calculated with the use of a thermometer and alcoholmeter.


Thujone

The principle ingredient in Artemisia Absinthum or wormwood-used in making essential oils and absinthe. It is considered as a neurological stimulant and may cause sensory or psychic alterations if abused.


Tonic

A substance or agent that that reinvigorates a debilitated organism.


Tóji

Name given to the ones who produce sake. Highly respected job in Japan that is passed as a tradition from father to son.


Tapetusa

Tradicional Colombia's Moonshine, made from corn.


Tharra

Tradicional Indian Moonshine, made from the fermentation of sugar cane pulp.