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Glossary - F

  • Fennel An herbaceous plant from the Mediterranean often used in cuisine, for dental products and for making cosmetics or essential oils due to its therapeutic properties. It has diuretic and digestive properties and stimulates the production of breast milk.
  • Process of conversion of sugars (sucrose, glucose, fructose) into alcohol ( ethanol ) and carbon dioxide by the action of yeast cells.
  • Fins Bois One of the six Cognac producing regions in France. The chalky soils of this region produce inferior quality cognacs with less bouquet .
  • Floral waters Are a by-product of the distillation and are also known as hydrolats or hydrosols. Floral waters have therapeutic properties and may be used as skin toners and for cosmetics. They may be applied directly on the skin as the essential oils .
  • Foot bath A traditional and simple method for relieving tired feet and legs by hot water immersion. By the addition of essential oils , bath salts and some pebbles the therapeutic benefits may be heightened. This treatment is effective as it stimulates the many nerve endings on the feet associated with the various organs of the body.
  • Fractionating column The column allows for a fractional distillation process with a resultant high alcohol concentration equivalent to various distillation processes. The fractionating column is made up of various refining plates placed horizontally that permit successive evaporation and condensation of vapours. These plates may be substituted by packing in a ( reflux column ) to obtain a high alcoholic volume
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