Method of essential oil extraction, also known as cold pressing, used for citrus fruits such as lemon, orange, bergamot, tangerine and lime.
Essential oils are highly concentrated, aromatic, volatile and insoluble substances that may be extracted from leaves, flowers, stems or roots of plants. For more information please consult essential oils.
Essential Oils have numerous therapeutic properties. Depending on the plant they are extracted from they may be anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, laxative, diuretic, relaxing, analgesic or reinvigorating. They also have various industrial purposes such as in the making of perfumes, cosmetic products, soaps, food products, toothpastes and medicinal products amongst others. For more information please consult Types of Essencial Oils.
A Carrier Oil, also known as a base oil is a vegetable oil used to dilute the more volatile essential oils for massage or when applied directly to the skin. For more information please consult Carrier Oils.
This is a safety issue. In fact most Essential Oils can cause allergies or burn if applied undiluted in their pure state. Besides that, the effects of essential oils such as lavender, are not heightened when applied undiluted. Consequently its dilution permits you to save on the quantity of essential oil used. For more information please consult Precautions.
Aromatherapy is the use of volatile substances with therapeutic properties extracted from plants with the intention of stimulating the body and mind to restore the natural balance between both. For more information please consult Aromatherapy.
Floral waters, also known as hydrolats or hydrosols, are a by-product from the distillation of plant materials to obtain the essential oils. As such these floral waters retain some of the therapeutic qualities of the essential oils and may be applied on the skin as a toner or used for cosmetics. They may be applied directly on the skin as they only contain minute quantities of the essential oils. For more information please consult Hydrolats.
Distillation is considered to be the best method to obtain the purest form of essential oils and hydrolats. During distillation the plant material is heated by means of steam vapour to release the essential oil molecules present. Other methods of essential oil extraction include cold pressing, infusion and solvent extraction. For more information please consult Methods of Extraction.
Your essential oils should be carefully preserved so they may remain in the best possible condition and retain their therapeutic properties for longer. In ideal conditions the essential oils may keep up to 6 years but generally last up to 2 years. Carrier oils and floral waters have a shorter shelf life, generally 6 months. For more information please consult Preserving Essential Oils.
Some plant materials such as eucalyptus may react with the copper. Eucalyptol (cineol) will react with copper imparting a greenish hue to the resultant distillate. If this is the case, the essential oil should be filtered and citric acid (lemon juice) added to separate any copper pickup and allow the oil to be decanted leaving any copper deposits behind. On the other hand copper may be beneficial when distilling other plants such as lavender as it will react with sulphur compounds present reducing any unpleasant or off-notes called "still" notes
That may be an indication that the condenser is too cold resulting in cloudy essential oils. In the case of hydrosols it may that there as components such as saponin present in the plant.
We have several models that can be used for extraction of essential oils, but the one we believe to be most effective is our split top column alembics. These allow for quicker distillations where you don't have to keep changing the water after each distillation and the column can be emptied and re-filled simply by tipping the column over.
An alembic is a distilling apparatus of Arabic origin which may be used to distill a great variety of alcoholic beverages and essential oils. It is made up of 3 parts, the alembic pot, the swan neck lid and the condensing unit. Other models may include a pre-heater such as the Charentais model or column such as in the rotating column alembics often used for extracting essential oils. The reflux alembic incorporates the traditional alembic pot with the more modern reflux column. For more information please consult Product Info.
As opposed to the alembic which has 3 parts (pot, swan neck lid and condensing unit) the alquitar has 2 parts, the pot and lid which incorporates a vapour chamber and condensing unit. The lid has a concave interior to collect rising vapours and is bowl shaped on top to hold cold water. As the rising vapours come into contact with the cold bowl shaped surface of the condensing unit on top they condense and are drawn off. Due to its characteristic construction less space is needed for distillation than with an ordinary alembic. This unit may also be used for extracting essential oils. For more information please consult Alquitars.
With the exception of our welded joints which may be of copper, brass, tin or silver all our handcrafted units are made of 100% copper of the highest quality. For more information please consult Solderings.
All our products come with a guarantee. Generally the guarantee period is for two years. The guarantee for our professional systems is from 10 to 20 years. Our guarantee does not cover improper use of the alembics or systems that have been modified. For more information please consult Terms and Conditions.
Some suggestions are fairly straight forward and presented step by step as in a recipe. Other suggestions are merely introductory guidelines for distilling any number of alcoholic beverages and may require some time and patience to perfect. For some easy to follow suggestions please consult Lavender Oil, Soaps, Hydrolats, Orange Liqueur, Apricot Brandy.
All our alembics are manufactured in accordance with safety and security measures. The enticing art of distillation however may involve some risks which may be minimised by paying careful attention to the process and following basic distillation laws. The greatest risk is the danger of fire due to the proximity of flammable liquids to the heat source. Also if there is an obstruction in the tubing of the alembic there may be some pressure build-up. Don't overlook all these factors. For more information please consult Basic Distillation Rules and Safety Precautions.
In some countries yes others not. Different countries may have different laws and some may allow the home-distiller to distil small quantities or require a commercial licence. It is the client's responsibility to be informed of the laws that apply in their own countries. Our company does not hold itself responsible for the improper use of our alembics. For more information please consult Terms and Conditions.
There is an endless list of materials that may be distilled. You may distil excellent beverages from fruits, cereals or other botanicals. Essential oils and floral waters may be obtained from flowers, leaves and the stems from aromatic plants. For more information please consult Distilling Suggestions.
You may use an alcoholmeter to measure the alcoholic volume of your distillate. The higher your alcoholic volume the less dense your distillate will be and the lower your alcoholmeter will float in the distillate, allowing for a reading at the surface of the liquid. For more information please consult Using an alcoholmeter & method and Accurate Temperature Reading.
Yes. In fact most well known alcoholic drinks are distilled to a high alcoholic volume and diluted with distilled water prior to bottling. Often these drinks must be diluted because they have to be commercialised at a standard alcoholic volume. The opposite may also be true when the alcoholic distillate does not attain the required alcoholic volume necessary for its commercialisation. In this case more alcohol may be added for example vinic alcohol.
No need to despair if your wine went sour which often happens with the more traditional wines, there is a solution. You have lost your wine but you can distil it to obtain an excellent eau-de-vie. One of the advantages of copper is that it purifies your distillate from some of the impurities present. For more information on the properties of copper and suggestions for distilling your own eau-de-vie please consult Why use copper and Distilling Suggestions.
Alcohol is the by-product of the fermentation of natural sugars present in fruit such as fructose and glucose. Distillation is the means of separating the alcohol from the fermented mass which may also contain methanol, amyl alcohol, furfurals and other undesirable components which may only be separated through distillation. For more information please consult Basic Distillation Rules and Accurate Temperature Reading.
Different types of alembics are suited for different purposes. We have a whiskey still specifically designed for distilling whiskey. We have the Spagyria model, perfect for making rum and for grappa we recommend our soldered union alembics.
The column capacity is approximately 80% of the alembics total capacity in Litres. We cannot state how many kilos of organic material will fit inside; each material is different in weight and volume.
The pot should have 40% of its total capacity filled with water for regular distillations. When distilling wine, or other liquids, the pot can be filled up to 80% of the total capacity.
The distillation process is divided into three parts: Heads, Hearts and Tails. You can learn more about the Distillation Process through Basic Distillation Rules.
We do not recommend the use of the same equipment for both making alcoholic beverages and extraction of essential oils. If you have used an alembic for essential oils, no matter how well the unit is cleaned afterwards, the oils always leave behind residue that can be harmful and prejudicial to humans. For this reason, we recommend the use of two different equipments, one for alcohol, and one for essential oils.
The results will vary depending on what you are distilling and what methods you are using but generally you will achieve between 8 – 22 % of the alembics capacity of essential oil and around 38 – 42% of alcohol.
All our alembics are custom made and no two are exactly alike. Each part of the set is built in proportion to the rest of the equipment. For this reason we cannot manufacture or sell separate parts or risk the parts not fitting perfectly together. This is why we only sell full sets.
Water doesn't have to be cold in the condenser; it just needs to be between 18 and 22 degrees. You can use a regular hose or fish tank hose for this purpose, opening the water flow as you see fit and there doesn't need to be a constant flow in the condenser. If the temperature is getting too cold, stop the water flow and this should regulate the levels and the temperature of the water.
It's best to use Benzene or any type of burning alcohol.
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All orders which the customer purchased a thermometer or/and manometer, including our kits, there will be a delay of 2 to 3 days, so we can weld the brass connection to the equipment.
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If you are not a resident of the European Union you may be liable for customs or import tax in your country for goods exceeding a certain value e.g. Goods with a value greater than $1000 (Australian Dollars) may be liable for import tax in Australia. Rates are very much dependant on the law and its application in your country or state. It is the client's responsibility to be informed of the laws that apply in their own country or state.
All residents within the European Union must pay VAT. During the checkout procedure it is determined whether you are liable for VAT based on the delivery address you submit. All orders delivered outside the European Union are VAT free.
The VAT rate in Portugal is 23%. Distilling equipment with a volume equal to or greater than 10 L are considered agricultural machinery and enjoy a reduced 13% VAT rate.
Registered companies or taxable entities in the European Union are exempt from VAT when goods are dispatched if they are able to provide a VAT number validated on the VIES database:
In this case VAT due on the transaction will be payable on acquisition of the goods by the buyer where the goods arrive. This is known as "intra-Community acquisition". In this instance the buyer accounts for any VAT due in their normal VAT return (document declaring liability for taxation submitted to local taxation authority) at the rate in force in their country.
On the delivery address, the moment you add your company name, a field for the VAT will appear, then, add your VAT number as i.e. GB000000000 and the system will validate the VAT and remove VAT from the transaction.
Send us an e-mail requesting a pro forma if you have any trouble.
We won't be able to return the VAT value if you make the payment without VAT, even if you have a valid VAT number.
Non fragile items that are stated on our website as items posted by mail will be sent in this way but we cannot send fragile copper items in the mail and risk damage or loss. Our shipping companies provide tracking numbers and insurance in case anything goes wrong.
Items sent by mail are dispatched on Fridays.
Initially copper thickness is as stated in the specifications part of the product in order to sustain the copper process, but as the alembic gains its shape, the copper is then stretched and the final thickness and measurements may vary from the initial statement.
We send a basic leaflet with safety precautions, tips and cleaning instructions for the stills, but we do not have a manual or instructions for the alembics. There are too many different ways to distill, and each distillation is different. We leave the art of distilling to the professionals and we prefer to manufacture the best quality items for them to do so.
Our experience proves that copper is the best material for use in distilling. Stainless steel, in our opinion, just doesn't offer the same taste in a distillate, as well as taking a lot longer to heat up and sustain the heat. We believe stainless steel to have better cooling and preservation properties.
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If this was the case, please fill out this complaint form here. We will submit a claim to the shipping company with your cooperation, more details will be available when you click on the link and fill in the form.
Grab the thermometer slightly below its middle with one hand. Make sure the bulb is pointing down. Gently strike the thermometer against the palm of your other hand. Continue the process until the bubbles have cleared.
Take the thermometer and hold it firmly, with the bulb pointing away from you. Raise the thermometer above your head and quickly swing it downward. Stop once the thermometer is in a vertical position. Repeat as necessary. The centrifugal force should clear the bubbles.
Heat the thermometer bulb under hot, running water. Don't heat it too long -- you don't want the mercury or alcohol to rise to the top of the expansion chamber. Once the bubbles are gone, hang the thermometer with the bulb down for several hours.
Be very careful when you're handling a thermometer. Don't treat it too roughly or it will shatter.
If its only a small leak in the pot or condenser, sometimes this can happen unfortunately, and is due to a small air hole in the solder that is invisible to the eye and can only be detected when using the alembic for the first time. Please email us to let us know, and if you have local welder or mechanic who knows how to use a welding machine, we can send you some lead free brass, silver or copper rods that can be melted down and applied directly on the leak, sealing the air hole in the solder and thus avoiding expensive shipping costs and delays in returning the alembic.
With the riveted union construction, a linseed oil solution (linseed oil mixed with other natural ingredients) is applied to all the interior seams in order to make impermeable. This solution should never be scraped off, if you do, your pot may leak. Any excess solution will disappear with continuous distillation and what is left over will not affect or influence whatever you want to distil. If you havent scraped any of the solution off and its still leaking through one of the rivets, please email us and we will send you more product so it can be applied directly on the area. Instructions will be sent along with the ingredients.
Please read carefully our equipment's shipping policy.
While being packaged, all our products are submitted to a rigorous quality inspection in order to make sure everything is in proper conditions.
All our shipped orders are insured; however if something unfortunate happens, there are a few steps you must follow in order to help us make sure that the insurance can be activated.
When your package is being handed over to you by the courier company, there are multiple situations that can happen, so you must be prepared to properly deal with them:
Situation A: The package looks somehow damaged or perforated.
What should I do in this situation? You must refuse this order. It will be shipped back to us and once we receive it, a new one will be shipped to you.
Attention: If you accept a damaged package we will not be held accountable and the insurance will no longer be valid. It will be your own responsibility!
Situation B: The package looks good on the outside however, after signing the air waybill and in the presence of the courier, you must open the package and verify if the internal content is ok. If you notice that one or more pieces are damaged due to rough handling during transportation:
What should I do in this situation? Make sure that you or the courier write in the air waybill that there was damaged content inside due to rough handling during transportation. Keep the package until the claim is resolved. Next step, send to this link, good quality pictures of the damaged content, and the package (outside and internal "peanuts" and wrapped pieces) so that we can activate the insurance.
Attention: We will reject complaints without good quality pictures, which clearly highlight the defect of the item.
Situation C: The package appears to have been somehow violated.
What should I do in this situation? If there is a customs stamp on the package, it means that it was opened for inspection, which can sometimes occur. If there is no stamp on the package, it may have been opened during transportation. In both cases, after signing the air waybill, and in the presence of the courier, you must open the package and verify if there are any pieces missing. If that's the case, accept the order but write in the air waybill "missing pieces due to package violation: piece x, piece y…". Send us good quality pictures of the violated package, of the internal peanuts, and of the items you have received inside the box. Insurance will be activated and the missing items shipped to you.
Attention: If you do not verify the internal content in the presence of the courier and write down the problems on the air waybill, we will not be held responsible and the insurance will not be activated.
Yes, please let us know 24 hours in advance and please be advised that we only have immediate stock of items up to 60 L capacity. Any purchases made directly at our office must be paid in Cash and VAT will be charged.
Method of essential oil extraction, also known as cold pressing, used for citrus fruits such as lemon, orange, bergamot, tangerine and lime.